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KaraAgro AI Maize Dataset

165528608
Tagagriculture
Taskobject detection
Release YearMade in 2022
LicenseCC0 1.0
Download31 GB

Introduction #

Released 2022-07-31 ·Akogo Darlington, Nakatumba-Nabende Joyce, Samori Issahet al.

The The KaraAgro AI Maize Dataset was created by authors to provide an open and accessible maize dataset with well-labeled, sufficiently curated, and prepared maize crop imagery that will be used by data scientists, researchers, the wider machine learning community, and social entrepreneurs within Sub-Saharan Africa and worldwide for various machine learning experiments so as to build solutions towards in-field maize crop disease diagnosis and spatial analysis.

Note, similar The KaraAgroAI Cocoa Dataset datasets are also available on the DatasetNinja.com:

Motivation

Despite the fact that the agricultural sector is a national economic development priority in Sub-Saharan Africa, crop pests and diseases have been the challenge affecting major food security crops like maize. Fall armyworm affects 44 countries in Africa. In new household surveys in Ghana and Zambia, 98% of farmers reported maize to be affected. The average maize loss reported by farmers in Ghana was 26.6% and in Zambia 35%. Extrapolating these losses nationally gives an estimate of US$177m lost value of the annual maize crop in Ghana and US$159m in Zambia. According to research, Maize Streak Disease which is caused by the Maize Streak Virus is regarded as the third most serious disease affecting maize in Sub-Saharan Africa. The prominence of these diseases has greatly affected the yields of Africa’s most important food crop. The current state of data collection and crop pest and disease diagnosis is transitioning from disease identification using visible symptoms to the use of data-driven solutions applying machine learning and computer vision techniques. The image data previously collected is biased and not reproducible It has also not been sufficiently curated, prepared, and shared with the wider community.

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Dataset LinkHomepage

Summary #

The KaraAgro AI Maize Dataset is a dataset for an object detection task. It is used in the agricultural industry.

The dataset consists of 16552 images with 92934 labeled objects belonging to 8 different classes including maize streak disease, fall armyworm larval damage, healthy maize, and other: fall armyworm frass, fall armyworm larva, fall armyworm egg, none healthy, and healthy images.

Images in the KaraAgro AI Maize dataset have bounding box annotations. There are 99 (1% of the total) unlabeled images (i.e. without annotations). There are no pre-defined train/val/test splits in the dataset. Alternatively, the dataset could be split into 3 health statuses: maize streak (6095 images), faw (5509 images), and healthy (4948 images). The dataset was released in 2022 by the University of Ghana.

Here are the visualized examples for the classes:

Explore #

KaraAgro AI Maize dataset has 16552 images. Click on one of the examples below or open "Explore" tool anytime you need to view dataset images with annotations. This tool has extended visualization capabilities like zoom, translation, objects table, custom filters and more. Hover the mouse over the images to hide or show annotations.

OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
OpenSample annotation mask from KaraAgro AI MaizeSample image from KaraAgro AI Maize
👀
Have a look at 16552 images
View images along with annotations and tags, search and filter by various parameters

Class balance #

There are 8 annotation classes in the dataset. Find the general statistics and balances for every class in the table below. Click any row to preview images that have labels of the selected class. Sort by column to find the most rare or prevalent classes.

Search
Rows 1-8 of 8
Class
Images
Objects
Count on image
average
Area on image
average
maize streak disease
rectangle
6204
13607
2.19
74.2%
fall armyworm larval damage
rectangle
5138
38076
7.41
20.69%
healthy maize
rectangle
4575
22707
4.96
72.87%
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
3376
15218
4.51
13.21%
fall armyworm larva
rectangle
1454
1512
1.04
3.84%
fall armyworm egg
rectangle
301
1026
3.41
16.7%
none healthy
rectangle
187
470
2.51
83.91%
healthy images
rectangle
32
318
9.94
75.21%

Co-occurrence matrix #

Co-occurrence matrix is an extremely valuable tool that shows you the images for every pair of classes: how many images have objects of both classes at the same time. If you click any cell, you will see those images. We added the tooltip with an explanation for every cell for your convenience, just hover the mouse over a cell to preview the description.

Images #

Explore every single image in the dataset with respect to the number of annotations of each class it has. Click a row to preview selected image. Sort by any column to find anomalies and edge cases. Use horizontal scroll if the table has many columns for a large number of classes in the dataset.

Object distribution #

Interactive heatmap chart for every class with object distribution shows how many images are in the dataset with a certain number of objects of a specific class. Users can click cell and see the list of all corresponding images.

Class sizes #

The table below gives various size properties of objects for every class. Click a row to see the image with annotations of the selected class. Sort columns to find classes with the smallest or largest objects or understand the size differences between classes.

Search
Rows 1-8 of 8
Class
Object count
Avg area
Max area
Min area
Min height
Min height
Max height
Max height
Avg height
Avg height
Min width
Min width
Max width
Max width
fall armyworm larval damage
rectangle
38076
2.95%
100%
0%
1px
0.03%
4608px
100%
321px
13.07%
1px
0.03%
4608px
100%
healthy maize
rectangle
22707
18.39%
100%
0%
1px
0.02%
4608px
100%
919px
38.7%
1px
0.03%
4608px
100%
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
15218
3.01%
99.74%
0%
1px
0.04%
4192px
99.91%
305px
13.69%
1px
0.02%
4095px
100%
maize streak disease
rectangle
13607
38.13%
100%
0%
1px
0.02%
4608px
100%
1272px
56.9%
1px
0.02%
4608px
100%
fall armyworm larva
rectangle
1512
3.72%
98.18%
0.07%
23px
2.21%
2397px
98.61%
305px
16.83%
23px
1.78%
1935px
99.56%
fall armyworm egg
rectangle
1026
5.13%
76.69%
0.04%
17px
1.57%
2793px
78.32%
622px
18.7%
19px
1.82%
3052px
97.92%
none healthy
rectangle
470
36.97%
99.26%
0.18%
34px
3.15%
2427px
99.8%
885px
54.11%
28px
5.76%
2429px
99.88%
healthy images
rectangle
318
11.38%
59.16%
0%
5px
0.62%
1001px
100%
298px
31.74%
1px
0.09%
643px
85.73%

Spatial Heatmap #

The heatmaps below give the spatial distributions of all objects for every class. These visualizations provide insights into the most probable and rare object locations on the image. It helps analyze objects' placements in a dataset.

Spatial Heatmap

Objects #

Table contains all 92934 objects. Click a row to preview an image with annotations, and use search or pagination to navigate. Sort columns to find outliers in the dataset.

Search
Rows 1-10 of 92934
Object ID
Class
Image name
click row to open
Image size
height x width
Height
Height
Width
Width
Area
1
fall armyworm larva
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
90px
8.65%
149px
19.1%
1.65%
2
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
38px
3.65%
31px
3.97%
0.15%
3
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
268px
25.77%
324px
41.54%
10.7%
4
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
188px
18.08%
218px
27.95%
5.05%
5
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
90px
8.65%
133px
17.05%
1.48%
6
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
170px
16.35%
132px
16.92%
2.77%
7
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
185px
17.79%
166px
21.28%
3.79%
8
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
175px
16.83%
77px
9.87%
1.66%
9
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
219px
21.06%
269px
34.49%
7.26%
10
fall armyworm frass
rectangle
1623274715906_jpg.rf.27904f815ec3e818e89cca1f5e878cad.jpg
1040 x 780
42px
4.04%
49px
6.28%
0.25%

License #

The KaraAgro AI Maize Dataset is under CC0 1.0 license.

Source

Citation #

If you make use of the KaraAgro AI Maize data, please cite the following reference:

@data{DVN/CXUMDS_2022,
  author = {Akogo, Darlington and Samori, Issah and Acquaye, Christabel and Addo, Michael and Amoako ,Emmanuel and Ezroa-Cudjoe, Frank and Buaba, Jerry and Seloame, Tatu Nyaku and Mavis, Agyeiwaa and Bright, Hodasi and Kezia, Gyasi-Darko and Ababio, Yao Owusu and Clinton, Darkwa Asare},
  publisher = {Harvard Dataverse},
  title = {{The KaraAgro AI Maize Dataset}},
  year = {2022},
  version = {V4},
  doi = {10.7910/DVN/CXUMDS},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/CXUMDS}
}

Source

If you are happy with Dataset Ninja and use provided visualizations and tools in your work, please cite us:

@misc{ visualization-tools-for-kara-agro-ai-maize-dataset,
  title = { Visualization Tools for KaraAgro AI Maize Dataset },
  type = { Computer Vision Tools },
  author = { Dataset Ninja },
  howpublished = { \url{ https://datasetninja.com/kara-agro-ai-maize } },
  url = { https://datasetninja.com/kara-agro-ai-maize },
  journal = { Dataset Ninja },
  publisher = { Dataset Ninja },
  year = { 2024 },
  month = { mar },
  note = { visited on 2024-03-05 },
}

Download #

Dataset KaraAgro AI Maize can be downloaded in Supervisely format:

As an alternative, it can be downloaded with dataset-tools package:

pip install --upgrade dataset-tools

… using following python code:

import dataset_tools as dtools

dtools.download(dataset='KaraAgro AI Maize', dst_dir='~/dataset-ninja/')

Make sure not to overlook the python code example available on the Supervisely Developer Portal. It will give you a clear idea of how to effortlessly work with the downloaded dataset.

The data in original format can be downloaded here.

. . .

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